© Inho Shin
Azerbaijan and Armenia began another skirmish in September 2020 and in the battle of these two ex-Soviet republics over the Nagorno-Karabakh region on September 27th, at least 23 people were reported to have been killed.
The possibility of a ceasefire has been close several times due to the mediation of various countries, but it is on the verge of falling through. Why do they continue to fight constantly?
The Nargono-Karabakh region, a 4,400km mountainous region located between Azerbaijan and Armenia on the world map, has been the cause of the conflict between the two countries for more than 30 years. Azerbaijan, an Islamic country, and Armenia, which believes in Eastern Orthodoxy, have had religious differences from the beginning. Moreover, Armenia, which has a history of being slaughtered by the Islamic state of Turkey, have been forced to be more hostile to Azerbaijan.
Actually, there is a good reason why the two countries have been fighting for decades. While Nagono-Karbakh is officially Azerbaijan's territory, the majority of the inhabitants of the area are Armenians. So there has been frequent ethnic strifes, and Armenia claimed sovereignty over this region, asking for Nagono-Karbakh to be returned to Armenian territory.
On September 27th this year, another armed conflict broke out after several big and small clashes over the past 30 years. Originally, in the Armenian-dominated republic of Archach, Azerbaijan forces carried out orders to drive out Armenian troops occupying the area, while the Armenian army was taking counterattacks to block it or reclaim the occupied area.
The two sides reportedly deployed troops, which resulted in civilian casualties. Later, the two countries appeared to enter a truce through arbitration between Russia and the U.S. However, immediately after the armistice, they began to engage again, and both countries are accusing each other of violating the armistice agreement. The war has been steadily unfolding since the October 13th summit between Azerbaijan President Ilham Aliyev and Armenian Prime Minister Nicole Pasinyan broke down. This conflict has become everybody's concern.
Due to these territorial disputes, many countries and many international organizations, such as the United Nations and the North-Atlantic-Treaty-Organization (NATO), have begun to mediate between Azerbaijan and Armenia. Some argue that the absence of international attention and quick intervention by the United Nations is ultimately everyone's responsibility.